How CBT counselling worksCBT counsellors argue that there are a number of different factors that contribute to psychological problems.
Firstly there are the things that happen to us – problems like having a huge workload or not being successful in a job interview. These often seem to be the key problem but actually the external issues are only part of what causes our emotional difficulties.
How we think is the second key factor. CBT suggests that excessively negative thinking lies at the heart of psychological problems. A key part of CBT counselling is to do with replacing negative thinking with more positive, empowering thinking.
The third factor is how we behave. When we are depressed, for example, we often stop seeing our friends or doing things we enjoy and this only makes the depression worse. CBT looks at how what we are doing affects how we are feeling and helps clients to make changes to their behaviour that will make them feel more positive.
A fourth area that is often neglected is how psychological problems affect us physically. Stress and depression mess up your sleep and leave you feeling exhausted. Headaches, digestive problems, colds and flu and a range of other physical issues can also be problems. Getting things right physically is therefore another element to consider when tackling a psychological problem.
CBT is a holistic therapy that looks at making changes in all of the areas described. It encourages you to take control of your life and gives you a tool kit of effective strategies and techniques to tackle your difficulties.
CBT is also a short form of counselling with treatment taking, typically, between 10 and 20 sessions.